How to use direct quotations properly in your writing? - WordsRU (2024)

WordsRU 1 +00002021-09-29T02:18:51+00:00302021b+00:00Wed, 29 Sep 2021 02:18:51 +0000, 2020 Editing services

How to use direct quotations properly in your writing? - WordsRU (1)

If you’re looking to add energetic emphasis in your writing, credibility for your ideas, or affirmation for your statements you can always turn to direct quotations to fulfil these needs.

What are direct quotations?

A direct quote is a word-for-word presentation of an extract or whole of another person’s writing or speech. A direct quotation may be a word, a phrase, a sentence, or a group of sentences.

When to use direct quotations

You can best demonstrate your grasp of a topic or concept when you show your ability to paraphrase, so it is the preferred way of presenting your academic work.

Adding direct quotations can add evidence to your work or lend support to your claim. A particularly eloquent quote can add elegance to your writing. Using a quote by a famous person or from a popular body of work is a great way of adding credibility to your work. You may also want to use a direct quotation to give the author’s exact position on a particular idea. Nevertheless, use direct quotations sparingly, and when you do keep them brief and use the right attribution technique in line with the relevant style guide.

Before you drop a direct quotation into your written work, use this 6-point mental checklist:

  • Is the quote relevant to the point you are making?
  • Does it support your argument, rather than just being impressive or sounding clever? Using quotes out of context can result in distortion.
  • Is it from a credible and current source?
  • Do you want to respond to the quote?
  • Is the original wording so engaging that it cannot be paraphrased?
  • Is it necessary to give the author’s exact position on a particular idea?

How to use direct quotations in your writing

Southern Cross University suggests this technique for introducing direct quotations:

  • Name the author to indicate that you are using another person’s words in your writing.
  • Use reporting verbs like said, added, reported, stated, argued, theorised, revealed, explained etc. The right reporting verbs can convey neutrality, and whether you are agreeing with the author or being critical of their take on the idea.
  • Identify the expertise of the author or the credibility of the source. This will answer the question: Why are you quoting this person here?
  • Indicate the general subject of the quote to help the reader understand what it is about.
  • Use the exact words of the author.
  • Make sure the direct quotation blends with the sentence.
  • Include the quote keeping referencing styles in mind. In general, short quotations can be used in the main text, separated from your writing through the use of double quotation marks like this: “…”. Longer quotations should be separated from your text by leaving a line space above or below the quote.
  • If you want to modify a direct quote, follow the rules in your referencing style guide. In general, you can use ellipsis with a space before and after it ( … ) when you want to leave out some words from a quote. Use square brackets [ ] around a letter when you change the capitalisation or when adding words to the quote.

Limit your direct quotes

Use direct quotations in moderation. One reason is that running one quote after another will result in your content containing huge chunks of text written by somebody else in a style that is different to yours.

Additionally, there are restrictions in various fields as to how much of your academic work may be direct quotes. For instance, the social sciences and humanities departments of many universities advise students that direct quotations should only comprise 10% of the word count or lesser, whereas in a field such as environmental science some universities prefer students to submit assignments that are entirely paraphrased. It’s important to check these requirements beforehand.

If you need further assistance or clarifications in using quotes in your writing, get in touch with WordsRU professional editing and proofreading service.

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How to use direct quotations properly in your writing? - WordsRU (2)

How to use direct quotations properly in your writing? - WordsRU (2024)


How to use direct quotations properly in your writing? - WordsRU? ›

You'll often use direct quotes in the middle of a paragraph. Use double quotation marks at the beginning and end of the quote, use the exact words from the original text and show your source, or your work being could be considered as plagiarism.

What is an example of a direct quotation? ›

If you don't have a good reason to use a quote, it is better to paraphrase it into your own words. Be sure to provide the source information. Example of a direct quotation: The professor emphasizes, “Your essays must be submitted on time” (22).

How do you cite a direct quote in-text? ›

For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. APA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14).

How do I include direct quotes in an essay? ›

An exact quote should be in quotation marks (" "), or if the quotation is 40 words or more, should be formatted as a block quotation. Then you put an In-Text Citation right after the quotation to show where the quote came from.

What is an example of quoting in a sentence? ›

Direct quotations involve taking someone else's exact words or statements and incorporating the quote into your writing. sentence. Example: My sister said, “I need to do my homework.” If the quoted material is a fragment or a phrase, do not capitalize the first letter.

What are some examples of quotations? ›

Examples: “The garden is beautiful,” Penelope responded. “You were the chosen one,” he said, “it was said that you were supposed to destroy the Sith, not join them.” Commas and periods at the end of a quote should go inside the quotation marks.

What is overuse of direct quotes? ›

A common error in many papers is the overuse of quotations. When a paper contains too many quotations the reader may become bored or conclude that you have no ideas of your own. Keep quotations short and only use them when a paraphrase would not capture the meaning or reflect the author's specific choice of words.

Should you put a comma before a direct quote? ›

Quotation Marks with Commas, Periods, and Other Punctuation

As in the example above, a comma is used before quotation marks to introduce a direct quote. If the description of the quote's speaker is placed after the quotation, a comma is always placed within the quotation marks.

How do you cite a direct quote in two sentences? ›

For a direct quotation of two or more sentences with the attribution at the beginning of the first sentence, put a colon, not a comma, after the attribution and place the quotation in double quotation marks. She said: “The motorcycle slid sideways and skidded about 100 feet. The driver was killed.”

How do you punctuate direct quotes examples? ›

Use double quotation marks to set off a direct (word-for-word) quotation. Correct: “I hope you will be here,” he said. Incorrect: He said that he “hoped I would be there.” (The quotation marks are incorrect because hoped I would be there does not state the speaker's exact words.)

Should direct quotes be paraphrased? ›

Choose to paraphrase or summarize rather than to quote directly when the meaning is more important than the particular language the author used and you don't need to use the author's preeminent authority to bolster your argument at the moment.

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